Canada's labour market surprises with record-breaking employment gain
Published Friday, May 10, 2019 8:40AM EDT Last Updated Friday, May 10, 2019 9:20PM EDT
OTTAWA -- Canada's labour market delivered a surprise Friday with its biggest one-month employment gain since the government started collecting comparable data in 1976.
The country added 106,500 net jobs in April, the bulk of which were full time, Statistics Canada said in its latest labour force survey.
The rush of new jobs far surpassed market forecasts and helped drop the unemployment rate to 5.7 per cent, down from 5.8 per cent in March.
The labour market has seen strong numbers since mid-2016 and has remained a bright spot for an economy that has struggled in other areas. Economic growth, for instance, almost stalled over the winter.
"Wow. This was by and large a solid report. Nearly every indicator of quality came in strong this month," TD senior economist Brian DePratto wrote in a research note.
"Chalk this one up as a solid message that employers still have faith in the Canadian economy."
Overall, compared with March, employment in April was up 0.6 per cent, which was the highest proportional monthly expansion since 1994 when it reached 0.7 per cent.
A closer look at April reveals the overall gain was driven by the creation of 73,000 full-time jobs and 83,800 positions in the private sector.
The gains were spread across many industries, with both the services and factory sectors seeing gains. Employment rose by 32,400 in wholesale and retail trade positions, while the construction sector added 29,200 jobs.
A rush of 66,400 part-time positions for workers aged 15 to 24 years old helped lower the youth unemployment rate last month to 10.3 per cent, down from 10.7 per cent, the survey said.
By region, Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and Prince Edward Island all saw net job gains last month.
Desjardins senior economist Helene Begin said in a report that nearly 80 per cent of the overall gain was concentrated in Ontario, which added 47,100 jobs in April, and in Quebec, which saw its jobless rate fall to 4.9 per cent for its lowest level since the survey's creation in 1976.
Year-over-year average hourly wage growth for all employees in April was 2.5 per cent, up from a reading of 2.4 per cent in March. Wage growth is a key indicator monitored by the Bank of Canada ahead of its interest-rate decisions.
Robert Kavcic, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets, said that overall the strong numbers suggest the economy has been rebuilding momentum in the second quarter following a sharp winter slowdown.
The Bank of Canada has blamed the deceleration on temporary factors and is predicting the economy to pick up its pace as 2019 progresses.
While the monthly jobs figures are often volatile, over the longer-term Canada has been on a solid employment run.
Compared with a year earlier, the economy added 426,400 jobs for a proportional increase of 2.3 per cent. The labour market has created an average of 36,000 jobs per month over the past year.
The numbers have remained strong even though more and more people have been looking for work in Canada. The ranks of workers have grown in recent years thanks in large part to a big immigration boost.
"The good news here is that despite the fact we've seen such a huge increase in labour-force growth the jobless rate has come down," Kavcic said.
"The labour market in Canada is doing pretty well at absorbing that influx of labour right now."
The April increase put Canada back on the job-creation path following a one-month interruption in March.
Overall employment dropped by 7,200 net jobs in March, the first monthly decrease after six consecutive months of rising employment between September and February.
Economists had expected a gain of 10,000 jobs for the month and the unemployment rate to remain at 5.8 per cent, according to Thomson Reuters Eikon.
Here is a quick look at April employment (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Unemployment rate: 5.7 per cent (5.8)
- Employment rate: 62.1 per cent (61.9)
- Participation rate: 65.9 per cent (65.7)
- Number unemployed: 1,158,700 (1,157,200)
- Number working: 19,029,100 (18,922,600)
- Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 10.3 per cent (10.7)
- Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 5.2 per cent (5.2)
- Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 4.7 per cent (4.7)
Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Newfoundland and Labrador 11.7 per cent (11.5)
- Prince Edward Island 8.6 (8.9)
- Nova Scotia 6.9 (6.2)
- New Brunswick 8.0 (7.9)
- Quebec 4.9 (5.2)
- Ontario 6.0 (5.9)
- Manitoba 5.2 (5.0)
- Saskatchewan 5.4 (4.9)
- Alberta 6.7 (6.9)
- British Columbia 4.6 (4.7)
Here are the jobless rates last month by city (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- St. John's, N.L. 7.9 per cent (7.8)
- Halifax 5.1 (4.9)
- Moncton, N.B. 5.9 (5.8)
- Saint John, N.B. 5.9 (5.6)
- Saguenay, Que. 4.7 (4.8)
- Quebec 3.3 (3.6)
- Sherbrooke, Que. 3.4 (3.8)
- Trois-Rivieres, Que. 5.5 (5.4)
- Montreal 5.4 (5.7)
- Gatineau, Que. 5.6 (5.5)
- Ottawa 5.5 (4.9)
- Kingston, Ont. 4.6 (4.8)
- Peterborough, Ont. 6.0 (6.7)
- Oshawa, Ont. 4.8 (5.0)
- Toronto 6.6 (6.6)
- Hamilton, Ont. 3.9 (3.5)
- St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 6.5 (6.6)
- Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 4.9 (4.7)
- Brantford, Ont. 5.0 (4.7)
- Guelph, Ont. 4.0 (2.2)
- London, Ont. 4.8 (5.0)
- Windsor, Ont. 5.6 (5.5)
- Barrie, Ont. 7.0 (6.3)
- Sudbury, Ont. 5.4 (5.9)
- Thunder Bay, Ont. 6.0 (6.3)
- Winnipeg 5.2 (5.4)
- Regina 4.5 (4.6)
- Saskatoon 6.1 (6.1)
- Calgary 7.6 (7.7)
- Edmonton 6.9 (7.1)
- Kelowna, B.C. 4.4 (3.9)
- Abbotsford-Mission, B.C. 5.5 (5.4)
- Vancouver 4.4 (4.8)
- Victoria 3.1 (3.0)