Tripoli hotel attack points to growing appeal of Islamic State group
In this image made from video posted by a Libyan blogger, the Cortinthia Hotel is seen under attack in Tripoli, Libya, Tuesday, Jan. 27, 2015. (@AliTweel via AP video)
Esam Mohamed, The Associated Press
Published Wednesday, January 28, 2015 9:29AM EST
Last Updated Wednesday, January 28, 2015 3:11PM EST
TRIPOLI, Libya -- Militants loyal to the Islamic State group on Wednesday claimed responsibility for a deadly and complex attack on a hotel in Libya's capital Tripoli, signalling an expansion of the jihadi group's reach in the chaotic North African state while raising questions about the extent of co-ordination with leaders in Syria and Iraq.
The attack on the Corinthia hotel on Tuesday, in which gunmen burst into the lobby and set off a car bomb in the parking lot, left 10 people dead, including an American and four other foreigners. An affiliate of the Islamic State claimed the attack and released photos of two suicide bombers it said took part in the assault.
Libya is increasingly taking on the appearance of a failed state, with its elected government forced to reside in the far eastern part of the country while a loose alliance of militias have set up a rival government in Tripoli. Fighting rages between government forces and Islamic militias in the second largest city of Benghazi. Hundreds of thousands have been displaced, embassies have been closed and diplomats have fled the country along with hundreds of thousands of foreign labourers.
The chaos following the overthrow of longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi in a 2011 uprising has proven fertile ground for the rise of Islamic extremist groups, including a number that have pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, which controls a third of both Iraq and Syria and has encouraged attacks worldwide.
According to postings on jihadi web forums, groups claiming allegiance to the Islamic State are present in at least five Libyan cities, including the two biggest -- Tripoli and the eastern city of Benghazi, the birthplace of the 2011 uprising.
Islamic State supporters divide the vast, oil-rich country of six million people into three regions, or "wilayat": Tripoli, Barqa or Cyrenaica in the east, and Fazzan in the south.
The east is already home to Ansar al-Shariah, an al Qaeda-inspired group suspected of involvement in the deadly assault on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi in 2012 that killed the ambassador and three other Americans.
But in the eastern city of Darna an Islamic State affiliate has held public events and claimed control of the city. And other militants claiming allegiance to the group have battled Libyan troops in Benghazi, often using suicide bombers.
The Tripoli attack is the largest operation in the country to be claimed in the name of the Islamic State group, but it is unclear whether the attack was planned or directed by the central leadership in Iraq and Syria.
In its claim of responsibility, which first appeared on jihadi forums Wednesday, the group identified the attackers as Abu Ibrahim al-Tunsi and Abu Suleiman al-Sudani, noms de guerre suggesting the former is Tunisian and the latter Sudanese.
"The operation is not the last one on the lands of Tripoli... Let the enemies of God, the crusaders and their allies await what will harm them," the message read.
The group previously claimed responsibility for an attack on the Algerian Embassy in Tripoli that wounded three guards. It has in the past posted photos of fighters touring markets and distributing pamphlets.
Western nations have few options in combatting such groups. Tripoli itself is controlled by Islamist-allied militias from the western city of Misrata, while the internationally-recognized government is confined to the far east. Neither exercises much power over vast swaths of the country, which has been awash in heavy weapons since the uprising emptied Gadhafi's arsenals.
"Tripoli is of strategic importance to the Islamic State and this attack takes the country to a new level, alongside other nations in the war against terrorism," said Mahmoud Shamma, editor of Libya's widely circulated al-Wasat daily.
"So far we hear strong condemnations but there is a long distance between this and action."