Coup declared in Thailand, curfew imposed
Thanyarat Doksone and Jocelyn Gecker, The Associated Press
Published Thursday, May 22, 2014 6:42AM EDT
Last Updated Thursday, May 22, 2014 9:42PM EDT
BANGKOK, Thailand -- Without firing a shot, Thailand's powerful military seized control of this volatile Southeast Asian nation Thursday, suspending the constitution and detaining Cabinet ministers in a risky bid to end half a year of political upheaval that many fear will only deepen the nation's crisis.
The coup, the second in eight years, accomplished in a few minutes what anti-government protesters backed by the nation's traditional elite and staunch royalists had failed to achieve on the street: the overthrow of a democratically elected government they had accused of corruption.
The new junta leader, army chief Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, announced he was taking power almost immediately after talks between the nation's bitter political rivals -- which lasted a mere four hours over the last two days -- ended in deadlock and the government refused to resign.
Prayuth claimed he had to act to restore stability and "quickly bring the situation back to normal" amid increasing spasms of violence that together with controversial court rulings had rendered the government powerless and the country profoundly divided.
But troubles for Thailand, a regional economic hub whose idyllic white-sand beaches and elephant-filled jungles draw millions of tourists a year, could be just beginning.
"We're likely to see dark days ahead," said Thitinan Pongsudhirak, a political analyst at Bangkok's Chulalongkorn University, referring to the possibility of violent resistance from the ousted government's supporters.
The deposed administration of acting Prime Minister Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan, which was summoned to appear before the junta Thursday night, seemed to have gone into hiding and made no statement condemning the coup. Four of its ministers, ordered to an army compound for talks earlier in the day, were in custody, along with top protest leaders.
"The rest of us who are outside are still fine and in safe places," said the ex-premier's adviser, Paradorn Pattanathabutr. "The situation is very worrying. We ... don't know what else can happen."
The army, which imposed martial law in a surprise move Tuesday that many sensed was a prelude to taking full power, imposed a nationwide curfew that began at 10 p.m. -- a clear sign it is concerned about potential unrest. During the last coup, in 2006, Bangkok residents moved freely and wrapped yellow ribbons and flowers around tank turrets until dawn.
Prayuth called on the public not to panic this time, either. But the vast capital's elevated train, subway and bus stations shut down early, filling with long queues as anxious office workers rushed home along increasingly empty streets.
After nightfall, troops deployed armoured personnel carriers to block main roads, including one in front of the U.S. Embassy, and diverted traffic at key intersections. Major highways were virtually devoid of traffic, extraordinary for the normally bustling metropolis of 10 million.
International cable news channels, including CNN and BBC, were taken off air.
Earlier, armed troops dispersed demonstrators from protest sites where competing groups were camped out -- one filled with thousands of Red Shirts who support the now-ousted elected government, the other with those who had struggled for seven months to unseat it.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry condemned the takeover and warned it would "have negative implications for the U.S.-Thai relationship," but did not announce immediate punitive steps. The State Department said it was reviewing millions in aid.
"There is no justification for this military coup," Kerry said in a statement that also called for the release of detained political leaders and a return of press freedom.
The day's dramatic events were the culmination of a societal schism laid bare after the 2006 coup deposed former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, a billionaire tycoon whose populist movement has won every national election since 2001.
The conflict pits a majority rural poor in the north and northeast, who benefited from Thaksin's populist policies, against an urban-based elite based in Bangkok and the south that is concerned it is losing power.
It is a divide that has led to upheaval multiple times in recent years, and sometimes death. The latest crisis alone has claimed 28 lives and left more than 800 wounded since November.
Thailand's political tensions have played out against a backdrop of fears about the future of its monarchy. Thaksin's critics have accused him of disrespecting ailing King Bhumibol Adulyadej and trying to gain influence with Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, the heir to the throne.
On Wednesday, a day after Prayuth declared martial law -- and insisted a coup was not underway -- he summoned protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban to talks with rival Red Shirt leader Jatuporn Prompan and senior government ministers at an army complex in Bangkok.
They met again Thursday, but the impasse was unresolved. After just two hours, Prayuth left the meeting, and the situation quickly deteriorated.
The power grab appeared to be well-orchestrated.
Armed troops swiftly entered the conference room, and olive-green military trucks blocked the building's entrance, sealing everyone else inside. Troops with automatic weapons drawn fanned out and took positions, waving journalists away. Suthep and Jatuporn were escorted out by soldiers and taken into custody, as were the four Cabinet ministers.
Regular TV programming was suspended, and half an hour later, Prayuth appeared, flanked by the heads of the armed forces and police.
The National Peace and Order Maintaining Council was duty-bound to "take over the governing of the country," he said, adding that the aim was "to let the people have love and unity as in the past, and to reform the political and economic systems, and to grant equality to every side."
"We ask the public not to panic and carry on their lives normally," Prayuth said, adding that the military would "provide protection" for foreigners in Thailand.
Although Prayuth had tried to cast himself as a neutral mediator, shutting down partisan TV stations and summoning leaders from both sides, analysts say he had a simple goal. "I think the intention was to get the government to resign, and when that didn't happen, they took over power," Thitinan said.
In the hours following the takeover, TV stations broadcast only decades-old military and patriotic music, interrupted periodically by edicts from the junta, including one announcing the government's dissolution and the suspension of the 2007 constitution -- a charter the military had drawn up itself after the last coup.
The junta, however, said the Senate would remain in place.
Ominously, it also ordered 18 Cabinet ministers, including the premier, to report immediately to the country's new rulers.
A similar order was issued after midnight to Thaksin's sister, former Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, who came to power in a landslide vote in 2011 and was removed by the constitutional Court this month for alleged abuse of power.
The anti-government protesters have declared the destruction of the Shinawatra political machine as one of their major goals, and the announcement seemed to indicate the army was pursuing a similar agenda.
Although there remains profound anxiety about Thailand's fate -- the pro-government Red Shirt supporters have warned they would not tolerate the unconstitutional installation of an unelected leader.
The coup Thursday was the 12th since the end of the absolute monarchy in 1932.
In Bangkok, there was relief that protesters were finally gone from the streets they had occupied for so long.
"I hope the soldiers have come out this time to solve the problem once and for all," said Pinkaew Pipatada, 65, a flower vendor at the Erawan shrine, a popular tourist site in central Bangkok. "This is the fourth coup I've seen in my life now."
In a statement in Bangkok, Karim Lahidji, who heads the International Federation for Human Rights, said "the military's seizure of power has become routine and a sad reality of Thai politics" and warned it would plunge "Thailand into a deeper political crisis."
Associated Press writers Jocelyn Gecker, Grant Peck and Ian Mader in Bangkok, and Lolita Baldor and Matthew Pennington in Washington contributed to this report.