List of Canadians who have won the Nobel Prize
Canadian author Alice Munro attends the opening night of the International Festival of Authors in Toronto on October 21, 2009. (THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chris Young)
The Canadian Press
Published Tuesday, October 6, 2015 12:29PM EDT
Last Updated Tuesday, October 6, 2015 4:08PM EDT
The illustrious list of Nobel Prize winners features the names of 22 laureates who were either born in Canada or gained professional distinction in this country. They have claimed honours in every field for which an award is granted. These include the man who discovered the most common diabetes treatment, a woman hailed as a master of the contemporary short story, and -- most recently -- a Nova Scotia physicist partially credited with discovering neutrino oscillations. Here is a list of Canadian laureates as documented on the official Nobel Prize website:
1923: Frederick G. Banting, Nobel Prize in Medicine for the "discovery of insulin"
1949: William F. Giauque, Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "contributions in the field of chemical thermodynamics, particularly concerning the behaviour of substances at extremely low temperatures"
1957: Former Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize for his role in defusing the 1956 Suez crisis
1966: Charles B. Huggins, Nobel Prize in Medicine for "his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer"
1971: Gerhard Herzberg, Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals"
1976: Saul Bellow, Nobel Prize in Literature for "the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"
1981: David H. Hubel, Nobel Prize in Medicine for "discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"
1983: Henry Taube, Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "his work on the mechanisms of electron transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes"
1986: John Polanyi, Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes"
1989: Sidney Altman, Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "discovery of catalytic properties of RNA
1990: Richard E. Taylor, Nobel Prize in Physics for "investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance
for the development of the quark model in particle physics"
1992: Rudolph A. Marcus, Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems"
1993: Michael Smith, Nobel prize in Chemistry for for "his fundamental contributions to the establishment of oligonucleotide-based, site-directed mutagenesis and its development for protein studies"
1994: Bertram N. Brockhouse, Nobel Prize in Physics for "the development of neutron spectroscopy"
1996: William Vickrey, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for "contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"
1997: Myron S. Scholes, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for "a new method to determine the value of derivatives"
1999: Robert A. Mundell, Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for "his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"
2009: Jack W. Szostak, Nobel Prize in Medicine for "the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
2009: Willard S. Boyle, Nobel Prize in Physics for "the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor"
2011: Ralph M. Steinman, Nobel Prize in Medicine for "his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity"
2013: Alice Munro, Nobel Prize in Literature for being the "master of the contemporary short story"
2015: Arthur B. McDonald, Nobel Prize in Physics for "the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass"