Scientists have found a rare half-male, half-female songbird
Published Thursday, October 22, 2020 1:59PM EDT
This half-male, half-female rose-breasted Grosbeak is also known as a gynandromorph. (Annie Lindsay/Powdermill Nature Reserve/Carnegie Museum of Natural History/CNN)
It may not be one in a million, but it's pretty close.
Researchers have discovered a rare songbird that is male on one side of its body, and female on the other.
It's being described as a "once in a lifetime" discovery.
The last time the Powdermill Nature Reserve at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History found another was 15 years ago, and it's only the fifth to be discovered out of the nearly 800,000 birds that the nature reserve has seen.
"Everyone here, I mean the whole crew, was just so excited," Annie Lindsay, the nature reserve's bird banding program manager, told CNN. "There was this scientific interest, of course. But also happiness for seeing something that was so rare."
WHAT HAPPENS TO A BIRD LIKE THIS
The bird was identified as a Rose-breasted Grosbeak. Male and female Grosbeaks are distinguished by their color: males have pink "wing pits," while females are yellow-brown.
The sides of this bird's body were different colors.
This genetic variation is known as gynandromorphism ("gyne" is Greek for female; "andro" means male, and "morph" means variety).
Due to its rarity, scientists don't know much about how gynandromorphism affects the bird's life.
"There probably aren't any advantages to it," Lindsay said. "It will definitely impact its ability to mate. We don't know if that female side has a functional ovary. If it does, and it is able to attract a male mate, it could reproduce."
HOW IT WAS FOUND
Since the discovery wasn't made during breeding season, the songbird wasn't displaying any behavioral cues that could help answer some of these questions. The reserve found the bird during normal bird "banding" operations -- this is when caught birds are marked with a miniature aluminum leg band with a nine digit identification code before being released again.
What is certain is that the bird was at least a year old, meaning that it was able to survive to adulthood with its condition.
HOW SOMETHING LIKE THIS CAN HAPPEN
Gynandromorphy isn't uncommon. It occurs in species of spiders, crustaceans and even chickens.
It's the result of a genetic error when an unfertilized egg with two nuclei. fuses with sperm, and produces an embryo with both male and female cells. Here's a good explainer on how it happens.
Lindsay was able to take feather samples of this songbird, which the nature reserve plans to use for a genetic analysis to see what else they can find out about it.
More information can be found about this songbird on the nature reserve's website.