Board members from Hollywood's actors union voted Friday to approve the deal with studios that ended their strike after nearly four months, with the union's leadership touting the gains made in weeks of methodical negotiations.

Duncan Crabtree-Ireland, Screen Actors Guild-American Federation of Television and Radio Artists' executive director and chief negotiator, announced at an afternoon news conference that the tentative agreement was approved with 86 per cent of the vote.

The three-year contract agreement next goes to a vote from the union's members, who are now learning what they earned through spending the summer and early fall on picket lines instead of film and television sets. That vote begins Tuesday and continues into December.

Crabtree-Ireland said the deal "will keep the motion picture industry sustainable as a profession for working class performers" and will preserve "tens of thousands of jobs."

SAG-AFTRA President Fran Drescher said the studios believed they could outlast actors.

"From July 14 to Oct. 3 we did not hear from the AMPTP. What were they doing? Were they trying to smoke us out?" she said. "Well honey, I quit smoking a long time ago."

Crabtree-Ireland and Drescher would not give specifics on who disapproved of the deal, and what issues kept them from voting yes. The board vote was weighted, so it's not immediately clear how many people voted against approval.

Hollywood strikes

Overall, the happy scene at SAG-AFTRA's Los Angeles headquarters was as different as can be from the defiant, angry tone of a news conference in the same room in July, when guild leaders announced that actors would join writers in a historic strike that shook the industry.

The successful vote from the board, whose members include actors Billy Porter, Jennifer Beals, Sean Astin and Sharon Stone, was expected, as many of the same people were on the committee that negotiated the deal. And it was in some ways drained of its drama by union leaders declaring the strike over as soon as the tentative deal was reached with the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers on Wednesday, rather than waiting for the approval.

But it was still an essential step in returning to business as usual in Hollywood, if there is any such thing.

Actors need not wait for the ratification to start acting again -- "in fact some of them already have," Crabtree-Ireland said.

Contract provisions surrounding the control of artificial intelligence were among the last sticking points in the agreement.

"AI was a dealbreaker," Drescher said. "If we didn't get that package, then what are we doing to protect our members?"

Here's a look at those and some of the other contract gains that union leaders outlined Friday. A more detailed look the terms will come next week, they said.


Productions must get the informed consent of actors whose digital replicas are used. That means there will be a reasonably specific description of how an actor's image will just be used -- a vague, boilerplate sentence will not suffice. This includes the consent of background actors used for crowd scenes and similar simulations.

When artificial intelligence is used for a movie or show an actor is already working on, they will be compensated the same as if they'd actually performed what their digital likeness does, the guild said. When it's a licensed image on a show where an actor, living or dead, is not otherwise performing, the license holders have a right to negotiate a rate.

In a hard-won provision that SAG-AFTRA said came on the final day of negotiations, when generative AI is used to create a synthetic character from the images of several different performers -- be it Denzel Washington's eyes or Margot Robbie's hair -- consent must be obtained from every person used, and the union must be able to negotiate pay for each.


The contract includes a creation of a new fund to pay performers for future viewings of their work on streaming services, in addition to traditional residuals paid for the showing of movies or series. The union wasn't clear on how much pay this would mean, but Drescher said it was essential to create "a new pocket" of revenue.

A 7 per cent general wage increase is effective immediately, with another 4 per cent hike in July, and another 3.5 per cent a year after that.

An 11 per cent increase for background actors is effective immediately, with the same 4 per cent and 3.5 per cent increases in the coming years.

There will also be more money for the relocation of actors who have to move to appear in TV series.


Productions will be required to hire intimacy coordinators for any scenes involving nudity or simulated sex. While this has become an increasingly common practice in recent years, it had not been mandatory.

Dancers asked to sing or singers asked to dance will be fully compensated for both skills, rather than productions getting a two-for-one when performers do double duty.

Sets must have proper hair and makeup artists for all performers who need them, and those artists must be able to properly serve the particular ethnicities and appearances of the performers.

The agreement also includes more protections and funding for the self-taping of auditions.