Emerging from coronavirus: Reopening plans province-by-province
TORONTO -- As COVID-19 cases continue to decline in much of the country, some Canadian provinces continue to loosen lockdown restrictions and enter their second, third and even fourth phases of reopening the economy.
As of June, more restrictions are being lifted including for day camps and dine-in services at restaurants. Retail stores, gyms, hair salons, barbers and church services are permitted again in some provinces, while other areas of the country consider slowly expanding "household bubbles" and outdoor gatherings.
It’s the beginning of a "new normal" in Canada. But the changes vary as the pandemic's impact differs across the country. Provincial official say they won't move forward with new phases of reopening where the case numbers don't support a loosening of restrictions. Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Theresa Tam warned in May of an increasing "quarantine fatigue" in Canada, saying that "we'll need to pace ourselves" during reopening.
"This is quite a difficult period," Tam said. "Some things are easing up, and there is this exuberance of maybe getting out there. [It] means that people may forget to do all the core public health measures."
CTVNews.ca has compiled a guide on where each province and territory stands in reopening their economies, what will be open and which restrictions will remain in place.
Current state: British Columbia announced May 6 that a variety of businesses and services will reopen starting May 19, but Premier John Horgan said the government will be ready to reverse course if COVID-19 cases begin to spike. The province moved into Phase 2 in mid March and began gradually entering Phase 3 on June 24.
Horgan said May 15 that students will be given the option to return to their classrooms part-time starting June 1. Officials stressed returning to school will be voluntary and new protocols will be in place to promote physical distancing. The government says its goal is for full-time classes to resume in the fall. A mix of online and classroom post-secondary education is planned for September.
What's open: The province says restaurants, cafes, retail stores, salons and barbershops, libraries, museums, art galleries and child care can reopen May 19. Elective surgeries, dentistry, chiropractic sessions, physiotherapy and in-person counselling will also be allowed to resume. Indoor gym facilities that offer services such as weight training, gymnastics, martial arts, yoga and dance studios can reopen May 19 if they meet physical distancing requirements. Provincial parks will be open for day use as of May 14.
Starting May 16, gatherings with two to six guests will be allowed for dinner parties and backyard barbecues, as long as there's a strict understanding that no one will socialize if they have any symptoms of COVID-19.
Many businesses were never ordered to close during the pandemic, although some chose to of their own volition. Officials did not recommend the closure of outdoor recreation facilities including golf courses, city parks or playgrounds but those that voluntarily closed are now allowed to open back up.
B.C. gradually began entering Phase 3 of its reopening plan on June 24 with non-essential travel allowed throughout the province. Hotels, motels, resorts, hostels, RV parks and other accommodations can resume operating, as well as some overnight camping and outdoor pools. Gatherings remain at 50 people or less. As of June 30, visitors are allowed in long-term care homes. People who work in the film and television industry can return to set with enhanced safety measures in place.
Travel: B.C. residents are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country must self-isolate for 14 days. As of June 24, residents are allowed to travel within the province. Public transit services have been reduced.
Travel restrictions will be lifted between B.C. and Yukon as of July 1. After that date, travellers between the province and territory will no longer be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
Remaining restrictions: Provincial state of emergency public health orders remain in effect. A ban on gatherings of more than 50 people remains in place. The province will not allow concerts, conventions and other large gatherings until there is wide distribution of a vaccine, community immunity has been reached, or effective treatment can be provided for the disease.
Current state: The provincial government started its "relaunch strategy" for Alberta on May 1. Premier Jason Kenney said in a news conference on April 30 that Albertans have "acted responsibly" in recent weeks and the province can begin the first of three reopening phases.
Alberta announced May 13 that the province will move ahead with Phase one of its plan starting May 14, but COVID-19 restrictions will remain in place for Calgary and Brooks.
Phase 2 of the province's reopening plan began June 12 with the reopening of gyms, arenas, spas, tanning salons, movie theatres and libraries, among other businesses.
What's open: As of May 1, provincial parks can reopen, but just for hiking, as with some boat launches, off-leash dog areas and golf courses, excluding on-site pro shops, clubhouses and restaurants. Non-urgent elective surgeries, dental hygiene and physiotherapy resumed May 11.
Reopening expanded on May 14 with the opening of some retail stores, such as clothing, furniture and bookstores, museums, art galleries, daycares, summer camps and hair salons. Cafes and restaurants with no bar service will also be allowed to run at half capacity. The limit for outdoor gatherings has increased to 50 people -- up from 15. Preschools are allowed to operate in groups of 10 starting June 1 but there is no timeline for other schools to reopen. Provincial park campsites can reopen June 1.
Calgary and Brooks will join the rest of the province reopening some parts of the economy May 14 with retail stores, daycares and farmers markets. The opening of hairstyling services and restaurants in these areas has been pushed back until May 25, and day camps, summer school and places of worship are delayed until June 1.
Alberta announced June 9 that Phase 2 will begin June 12 with the reopening of gyms, arenas, spas, tanning salons, movie theatres, libraries, pools and sports activities. Casinos, bingo halls, community halls, instrumental concerts, massage, acupuncture and reflexology, tanning and summer schools are allowed to resume. Restaurants and campgrounds can now operate at full capacity. Alberta will also be relaxing its 30-day limit on prescription medications effective June 15. As of July 6, courts will start to see more hearings done in-person.
Up to 50 people are allowed to gather indoors and 100 outside. There is no cap on people attending worship services as long as they physically distance.
Travel: Albertans are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country must self-isolate for 14 days. Albertans are allowed to travel within the province, including to vacation homes, cabins, hotels, campgrounds and national and provincial parks. Bus service between Calgary and Edmonton has been cancelled, but local public transit continues.
Remaining restrictions: K-12 schools remain closed. Visiting patients in health-care facilities is restricted. Nightclubs, gyms, pools, recreation centres and amusement parks remain closed. Arts and culture festivals, concerts and major sporting events are not permitted.
Current state: The first phase of Saskatchewan's five-phase reopening began May 4. Saskatchewan moved into Phase 2 on May 19 while Phase 3 of the province’s reopening plan started June 8. Premier Scott Moe said the dates of the later phases will be determined through monitoring COVID-19 cases in the prior phases.
Saskatchewan moved into the first half of Phase 4 of its reopening plan on June 22 and the second half of the phase on July 6.
What's open: Phase 1 of the plan reopens medical services, including dentistry, optometry, physical therapy, opticians, podiatry, occupational therapy and chiropractic treatment. The first phase will also allow low-risk outdoor recreational activities including fishing, boating, golf courses and campgrounds starting May 15.
Under Phases 2 and 3, retail stores, restaurants, beauty salons and gyms can reopen starting June 8. Restaurants and bars are allowed to operate at half capacity and restrictions will also lift on some personal care services such as nail salons and tattoo parlours, child-care centres and places of worship. Beaches, parks and playgrounds can also reopen.
Saskatchewan moved into the first half of Phase 4 of its reopening plan on June 22. Youth and child day camps, outdoor pools, splash pads, spray parks and outdoor activities can resume. Contact sports remain prohibited. The size of public and private gatherings has increased to 30 people indoors and outdoors.
Phase 4.2 of the province’s plan began July 6 with sports facilities and other entertainment spaces such as museums, galleries and movie theatres permitted to reopen. Indoor pools, indoor rinks, casinos, bingo halls, racetracks and rodeo-related activities can resume. VLTs, pool tables, dart boards, arcade games and other recreation areas in restaurants and bars can also reopen. Officials said seating at restaurants can increase to a level that allows staff and customers to maintain two metres of physical distancing. Live entertainment is expected to resume July 16.
Saskatchewan expanded its guidelines for visitors to long-term care homes on July 7 with residents permitted to have two family members or support persons for visits, with one person allowed in the facility at a time. Patients in intensive care and those receiving palliative care can have two people present at the same time, as long as they keep physical distance.
Travel: Saskatchewan residents are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country must self-isolate for 14 days. The government does recommend that people self-monitor for symptoms if they have travelled outside of Saskatchewan, but within Canada. Recreational travel within the province is permitted. The province lifted a ban on non-essential travel to northern communities June 8. Regina and Saskatoon's transit agencies are running under enhanced safety protocols.
Remaining restrictions: There are some long-term restrictions that will remain in place including school closures, visitor restrictions at some health-care facilities, travel restrictions and mandatory self-isolation orders. Saskatchewan remains under a provincial state of emergency.
Current state: Manitoba's multi-phase plan to reopen non-essential businesses began May 4. Premier Brian Pallister said Manitoba will halt the reopening and re-evaluate its strategy if the province sees a spike in cases during or at the end of Phase 1 or any future phases. Phase 2 of the province's reopening began June 1 while Phase 3 began June 21.
What's open: Elective surgeries have resumed and health offices, including dentists, chiropractors and physiotherapists are allowed to reopen. Retail businesses and other non-essential businesses including museums and libraries can reopen at half occupancy as long as they ensure physical distancing. Restaurants may reopen for patio or walk-up services only, albeit at half capacity. Playgrounds, golf courses, tennis courts, parks and campgrounds have also reopened. The one-month limit on people's prescription drug supplies lifted May 11.
As of May 29, long-term care homes will be allowed to offer limited, outdoor visits with a maximum of two guests per resident. Visitors will be screened on their arrival and will have to continue to practise physical distancing. The current limit on gatherings is 25 people indoors and 50 people outdoors.
Phase 2 began on June 1. The second phase expanded the types of businesses that can reopen including pools, spas, gyms and film productions. Bars and restaurants are allowed to reopen indoor dining at 50 per cent capacity. Personal services including nail salons, tattoo parlours, estheticians and tanning salons are also be allowed to reopen at half capacity. Day camps, non-contact children's sports will be allowed and occupancy limits at outdoor recreation facilities will be lifted. There will also be a limited reopening of schools to allow for tutorial days for one-on-one learning. At universities and colleges, some specific instruction such as labs and arts studios can resume.
Phase 3 of the province’s reopening plan began June 21. Under the third phase, group sizes have increased to 50 people indoors and 100 people outdoors. Restaurants, bars, child-care centres and retail stores no longer have to operate at half capacity. Non-smoking bingo halls and video lottery terminal lounges can also reopen.
On July 13 the province announced that there will be no future phases of Manitoba's reopening plan and it will instead move to base future restrictions on the level of risk to public health. Dr. Brent Roussin, the province's chief public health officer, said restrictions will fluctuate depending on the spread of the virus.
Travel: Manitobans are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country must self-isolate for 14 days. The province has also established checkpoints at main highways and airports to provide guidance about COVID-19 to travellers. A ban travel to the province's north eased June 1. Southern residents are allowed to travel directly to cottages, campgrounds and parks, but are being told to avoid northern communities.
As of June 21, people traveling from B.C., Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon, N.W.T. and Nunavut, as well as people living in the area of northwestern Ontario, can visit Manitoba without having to self-isolate for 14 days if they are not showing symptoms and have no known exposure to COVID-19.
Remaining restrictions: Manitoba’s state of emergency remains in effect. Concerts and major sporting events will not be considered before September. Movie theatres, casinos and schools remain closed.
Click on province for more information.
Current state: On April 27, the Ontario government unveiled its three-phase plan to reopen. The plan is laid out in a series of stages, which government officials said are necessary to ensure a return to normal is made safely. However, even after the reopening is completed, physical distancing measures will be continued.
Ontario revealed more details of its reopening plan on May 14 with the resuming of construction projects and the reopening of more businesses starting May 19. The government said Stage 1 of the reopening plan will focus on workplaces that are well-positioned to follow public health advice and maintain physical distancing.
All regions of Ontario except for Toronto, Peel and Windsor-Essex will be in Stage 2 of the province's phased reopening plan as of June 19. Toronto, Peel and the majority of Windsor-Essex will move ahead with Stage 2 on June 24.
Nearly all businesses including gyms, movie theatres and indoor dining can reopen July 17 in parts of Ontario as the province enters Stage 3. The Toronto and Peel regions will move into the third stage of reopening July 31.
What's open: A small list of mostly seasonal businesses were allowed to reopen on May 4. This included garden centres that offer delivery and curbside pick-up only, landscaping companies, automatic car washes and auto dealerships.
Ontario announced that garden centres and nurseries are allowed to reopen to the public on May 8 ahead of Mother's Day with hardware stores and safety supply stores reopening May 9. Retail stores with a street entrance were allowed to reopen on May 11 for curbside pick-up only. Businesses that reopen must follow strict safety guidelines from the provincial government.
Provincial parks reopened May 11, while camp grounds, beaches and playgrounds inside the parks gradually reopened as of June 8. Private campsites are open. Golf courses opened on May 16, with clubhouses open only for washrooms and restaurants open only for take-out. Marinas, boat clubs and public boat launches are also allowed to reopen for recreational use. Businesses that board animals, such as stables, may allow boarders to visit, care for or ride their animal.
Starting May 19, retail stores outside of shopping malls with street entrances began reopening. Construction projects and elective surgeries also resumed. Other businesses and services included in the stage one include veterinary offices, pet grooming, pet sitting, libraries for pickup or deliveries, housekeepers and babysitters. Drive-in movie theatres and batting cages can reopen as of May 31. People can attend drive-in religious gatherings as long as vehicles are kept two metres apart and people do not leave their vehicles.
On May 27, Ontario Premier Doug Ford announced that non-essential health-care services, such as dentists, optometrists, massage therapists, chiropractors, physiotherapists, psychologists, dieticians and denturists, can reopen as soon as they have safety guidelines in place. Provincial parks will also expand permission for picnics and off-leash pet areas. Short-term rentals including lodges, cabins, cottages, homes and condominiums were allowed to resume operations June 5.
All regions of Ontario except for Toronto, Peel and Windsor-Essex will be in Stage 2 of the province's reopening plan as of June 19. Hair salons, barber shops, swimming pools, outdoor recreation facilities and malls are among the businesses that can reopen in addition to restaurants for patio service. Places of worship and child-care centres across the province can also reopen with limited attendance and physical distancing rules in place. Toronto, Peel and the majority of Windsor-Essex will move into Stage 2 on June 24. Windsor-Essex's Leamington and Kingsville regions will joing the rest of the province in Phase 2 on July 7.
Public gatherings for the province are capped at 10 people indoors and outdoors. The number of people allowed to attend an indoor ceremony for a wedding or funeral is restricted to 30 per cent capacity of the venue, while outdoor events are limited to 50 people. However, the number of people allowed to attend all wedding and funeral receptions remains at 10.
As of June 15, Ontarians will no longer face a 30-day limit on the amount of prescription medication they’re able to receive at once. Starting June 25, Ontarians can resume visiting loved ones in long-term care homes, with restrictions in place, including that they test negative for COVID-19. As of July 22, indoor visits at long-term care homes can resume. Ontario's courts will resume in-person proceedings July 6 with the goal of having all courtrooms operational by November 1.
Toronto city council voted to make wearing masks mandatory in public indoor settings, with the bylaw coming in to effect July 7. The temporary bylaw will not affect social gatherings. Mayors from the Greater Toronto and Hamilton area asked Premier Doug Ford to make masks mandatory across Ontario, but the premier rejected the idea.
As of July 17, businesses including gyms, movie theatres and restaurants for indoor dining can reopen in parts of Ontario as the province enters Stage 3. Fitness studios, casinos, playgrounds, community centres and libraries can also reopen. Indoor gathering limits will increase to 50 people, while outdoor gathering limits will increase to a maximum of 100 people but both still require physical distancing. The Toronto and Peel regions will advance to Stage 3 of the province’s reopening plan July 31. Windsor-Essex will remain in Stage 2.
Remaining restrictions: Ontario remains under a state of emergency. Concerts and sporting events will be restricted for the foreseeable future. All public and private schools remain closed until September. All personal visits are temporarily suspended for adult correctional facilities. Amusement parks, water parks, buffet-style food services, nightclubs, overnight children’s camps, karaoke rooms, saunas, steam rooms, bath houses and oxygen bars remain off-limits.
Current state: Quebec's reopening plan began May 4 with the reopening of retail stores outside of the Montreal region.
Quebec Premier Francois Legault announced May 14 that elementary schools in the Montreal region would not reopen until September. Legault said the COVID-19 situation in Montreal, including the number of deaths and hospitalizations, remained too precarious.
On April 27 he had announced that the province would begin reopening elementary schools and daycares outside of Montreal on May 11. Legault said attendance won't be mandatory. High schools, junior colleges and universities in the province will not reopen until September.
What's open: On May 4, retail businesses outside the Montreal area will be allowed to reopen. This excludes stores that are in shopping malls. On May 11, the construction sector and manufacturing companies can also reopen with limits on the number of employees who can work per shift. The reopening of non-essential stores and businesses in the Montreal area, which was scheduled to begin May 11, has been pushed back for the second time to May 25. Hairdressers, nail salons and other personal care businesses will be able to open in the Montreal area on June 15.
Quebec officials announced May 13 that certain non-team, non-contact sports can resume May 20 including tennis, golf, cycling, track, canoeing and kayaking, climbing, fishing and horseback riding, among others. Parks and pools can also reopen. Quebecers in most regions will be allowed to hold indoor and outdoor gatherings of under 10 people from a maximum of three different households starting June 15. The Montreal, Joliette and L'Epiphanie areas will be allowed to do so as of June 22.
As of June 1, daycares in the Montreal region and schools specializing in education for students with special needs will be allowed to reopen. Private health care services such as dental care, optometry, physiotherapy and family counselling will be allowed to resume in addition to animal grooming services, courthouses, cottage rentals and campgrounds. Beauty services including hair salons, nails salons, estheticians and tattoo parlours will also reopen but only outside of the Montreal area.
Outdoor tem sports practices will be allowed to restart on June 8, and matches can resume June 22. That includes baseball, soccer and any other sports that can be played outdoors. As of June 22, gyms, arenas, cinemas, places of worship, casinos, bars, indoor pools, water parks and public and private beaches can reopen. Day camps can also resume but overnight summer camps won't be allowed until next year. Camping is allowed outside the Montreal and Joliette regions, as are cottages. All other businesses can reopen June 25.
Residents of long-term care homes that don't have active COVID-19 cases can now receive visitors inside, meet people outdoors and participate in group activities. They're also allowed to leave the facilities unaccompanied and remain out for more than 24 hours. Beginning June 26, volunteers and hairdressers will also be allowed inside the facilities.
Travel: Quebecers are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country must self-isolate for 14 days. Quebecers are allowed to travel within most of the province, but are asked to follow safety precautions. Police checkpoints remain in Nunavik and the Cree Territory of James Bay to limit non-essential travel into the territories.
Montreal public transit is running with physical distancing measures in place, but those with possible COVID-19 symptoms are asked not to ride. Masks will be mandatory for all public transit users as of July 13. Quebecers hoping to drive to Iles-de-la-Madeleine will be permitted to travel through New Brunswick to Prince Edward Island to take the ferry as of June 26. Travellers will need to get a document permitting the trip.
Remaining restrictions: Companies that are able to retain employees by telecommuting are encouraged to do so. Quebecers must continue to comply with provincial health instructions, including physical distancing and hand washing, to limit the risks associated with the spread of the virus. A 30-day limit on the supply of prescription medications continues to be in effect.
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
Current state: Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Dwight Ball announced April 30 that the province will loosen some public health restrictions starting May 11. The province says restrictions will be eased in a series of "alert levels" descending from five with the current level expected to remain in place for at least 28 days.
The province moved into "alert level 3" on June 8 with the reopening of private health clinics and medium-risk businesses.
What's open: The province entered "alert level four" in its reopening plan on May 11 with low-risk activities resuming and some businesses, including garden centres and professional services such as law firms, reopening. Municipal parks, golf courses and driving ranges can open and recreational hunting and fishing are permitted. Daycare services will be expanded to support any workers returning to these jobs. Outdoor games of tennis can resume, though players must bring their own equipment and not share it. Limits on prescription medications were eased May 4. Pet grooming services can begin operating again May 25.
As of May 29, "household bubbles" that had been limited to two households can invite six additional people into their circle. Starting June 8, groups of up to 15 people indoors and 20 people outdoors will be permitted. Some government service centres will reopen to offer in-person services booked by appointment including written tests, driver exams and identification photos.
As of June 8, private health clinics, such as optometrists and dentists, will also be permitted to open, as well as medium-risk businesses including retail stores, hair salons and restaurants. The province is expected to move into "alert level 2" on June 25 with the reopening of recreational facilities including gyms, arenas, yoga studios, indoor pools and playgrounds. More health-care services can resume and bars, cinemas, churches and bingo halls can reopen at reduced capacity. Provincial historic sites can reopen starting July 4.
Travel: Newfoundland and Labrador residents are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country, province or territory must self-isolate for 14 days. The province amended the Public Health Protection and Promotion Act May 4 implement a travel ban barring anyone but permanent residents and workers in key sectors from entering the province. Travel within the province is allowed as of June 8 including to second homes, campgrounds and parks.
Public transit is running on reduced service and buses are limited to 19 passengers at a time. Effective July 3, the Atlantic provinces will form a "bubble" travel system in which people from each province can move freely between each other without having to self-isolate. If all goes well, Newfoundland Premier Dwight Ball has suggested that restrictions on out-of-region travellers may be further relaxed in the province on July 17.
Remaining restrictions: Schools remain closed until September. Small gatherings for funerals, burials and weddings are permitted with a limit of 10 people following physical distancing rules. However, parties or other social gatherings are still banned.
Current state: New Brunswick loosened some of its physical distancing measures April 24. On May 8, the province moved into the second phase of its reopening plan by resuming elective surgeries and other non-emergency health services, including dental, physiotherapy, optometry and massage therapy, along with the reopening of retail stores.
On May 22, the province entered the "yellow phase" of its reopening plan, the final phase before the fourth "green phase," which will only be triggered when a vaccine is introduced. The third phase allows for the reopening of more businesses and the loosening of more restrictions on social activities.
The province partially rolled back its reopening plan in northern New Brunswick on May 27 after a cluster of new cases emerged following the return of a health-care worker who reportedly did not self-isolate. Non-essential businesses that reopened have been shuttered again and activities that resumed have been ordered to stop in the Campbellton-Dalhousie region. Residents in this area are also being urged to avoid contact outside of their "two-family bubble."
What's open: Barbers, hair stylists, spas, estheticians, manicurists, pedicurist, tattoo artists, and other personal service businesses can resume in-person services May 22 as long as physical distancing measures are respected between appointments. Non-regulated health professionals including dental care, massage and chiropractors are also permitted to resume as well as churches and fitness facilities.
Previously, retail businesses, offices, restaurants, libraries, museums, parks, beaches, ATV trails and seasonal campgrounds were permitted to reopen as long as physical distancing measures were in place. Elective surgeries have also resumed and universities and colleges can open parts of their campuses for students in certain circumstances. Hunting, fishing and golf is permitted as of April 24 and limits on prescription medications have been lifted. Licensed daycares can begin reopening May 19, and while children will not have to wear masks or maintain physical distancing, they will be separated into small groups.
As of May 22, a "household bubble" can be extended to "close friends and family." Previously, households could only invite one other household into a "two-family bubble." Indoor gatherings are permitted but should be limited to no more than 10 people. Outdoor gatherings of up to 50 people are allowed.
Starting June 5, low-contact team sports can resume and gyms, yoga studios, dance studios, rinks, pool halls, bowling alleys, swimming pools, saunas and waterparks are permitted to reopen. Elective surgeries and other non-emergency services can increase. Overnight camps can reopen June 19. People must wear face coverings in any building open to the general public as of June 9. Children under the age of two, children in daycare and people who cannot wear face coverings for medical reasons are exempt from the requirement. Service New Brunswick centres reopened July 13.
Travel: New Brunswickers are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country, province or territory must self-isolate for 14 days. Provincial peace officers are stationed at each of the seven interprovincial land entry points in the province 24-7.
Starting May 29, temporary foreign workers will be allowed to enter the province, but the workers will still have to be quarantined for 14 days. New Brunswickers no longer need to self-isolate when returning from work in another Canadian province or territory. Canadian residents can visit family members or properties they own in the province, provided they self-isolate for 14 days.
Local transit officials have warned against non-essential travel on their routes. Effective July 3, the Atlantic provinces will form a "bubble" travel system in which people from each province can move freely between each other without having to self-isolate.
Remaining restrictions: Large gatherings such as festivals and concerts are prohibited through Dec. 31, 2020, but health officials say that is subject to change. Schools are closed for the remainder of the school year.
Current state: Nova Scotia began easing some public health restrictions on May 1, including the reopening of parks and trails, and allowing fishing and gardening. The province says it is developing a plan to further lift public health restrictions, but there's no set timeline.
Premier Stephen McNeil said May 20 that Nova Scotia will reopen its economy all at once instead of in stages. He later announced that the economy can begin to reopen June 5 if businesses follow public health protocol.
What's open: Provincial and municipal parks and trails have reopened, but playground equipment is still off limits. Nova Scotians are allowed to use and visit community gardens while garden centres can reopen. Drive-in religious services are allowed, as long as people stay in their cars, parked two metres apart. Archery, equestrian, golf, driving ranges, paddling, sailing, fishing, boating and tennis at outdoor facilities can resume and beaches are allowed to reopen as of May 16. A 30-day limit on certain prescription medications was lifted May 19. Day surgeries and short-stay surgeries can resume May 25. Clothing stores along with a number of other retail businesses were never required to close.
Provincial campgrounds can reopen as of June 15. Summer day camps for children are allowed as long as they have a plan to follow public health measures to guard against COVID-19. The plans must cover areas such as increased cleaning, staggered pick-up and drop-off times and the screening of staff and campers.
Nova Scotia's economy began reopening June 5. Business that will be permitted to reopen include restaurants for dine-in services, bars, wineries, distilleries, gyms, yoga studios, and personal services such as hair salons, barber shops, nail salons, spas and tattoo parlours. Some health providers will also be allowed to reopen, including dentistry, optometry, chiropractic and physiotherapy offices. Licensed child-care centres and family daycare homes can reopen as of June 15.
The province announced June 26 that all bars and restaurants can now operate at full capacity and continue serving until midnight, provided physical distancing rules are followed. All public pools can reopen including lane swimming and aquafit classes.
People can exclusively gather in groups of 10 without physical distancing using the "housing bubble" method. As of July 3, limits on gatherings organized by businesses or community organizations will be increased. That includes weddings, funerals, cultural events, concerts, festivals, dance recitals and faith-based gatherings, which will increase to 250 people if outdoors and 200 -- with maximum 50 per cent capacity -- if they're indoors. These events do not include family gatherings, which remain limited to 50 people with physical distancing.
Travel: Nova Scotians are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country, province or territory must self-isolate for 14 days. The province has implemented checkpoints at every major entry point. There are no restrictions on movement within the province, but travellers are asked to abide by health guidelines. Public transit in Halifax is on reduced hours and ferries are restricting the number of passengers.
Effective July 3, the Atlantic provinces will form a "bubble" travel system in which people from each province can move freely between each other without having to self-isolate.
Remaining restrictions: Nova Scotia's state of emergency public health orders remain in effect. Nova Scotia Premier Stephen McNeil announced May 8 that students would not return to school this year.
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Current state: The province began easing some public health measures imposed amid the COVID-19 pandemic on May 1 in Phase 1 of its four-phase plan. On May 22, Phase 2 began with some retail businesses reopening. Phase 3 began on June 1 and allows gatherings of up to 15 people indoors and 20 people outdoors, the resuming of organized recreational activities, child care centres and dine-in services at restaurants. Phase 4 began June 26 with increased gathering sizes.
Designated schools reopened May 11 to students who typically receive individualized support from educational assistants and youth service workers. In-school classes will not resume until September.
What's open: As of May 22, retail outlets, greenhouses, barber shops, hair salons, massage therapists, acupuncturists, pet groomers, car washes, pest control businesses, cleaning and restoration services, construction and repair services were permitted to reopen with physical distancing in place. Pharmacies were also permitted to lift the 30-day limit on prescription medications.
Elective surgeries, reopening medical services including physiotherapists, optometrists and chiropractors, construction services, and child care for essential service workers resumed May 1. Non-contact outdoor recreational activities such as hiking, cycling, golfing, shooting ranges, fishing and boating are also allowed. Child-care centres, whether unlicensed or licensed, are permitted to reopen and operate under safety guidelines. The P.E.I. legislature was able to resume May 26.
On June 1, P.E.I. moved into Phase 3 of its reopening plan which allows in-dining services at restaurants with gyms, libraries and child-care centres permitted to reopen. Up to 15 people can gather indoors and 20 people outdoors. Family and friends are also allowed to visit residents at long-term care homes. The visits will be by appointment only and must take place outdoors.
Phase 4 of the province’s reopening plan began June 26 with increased gathering sizes. Households can gather in groups of up to 50 indoors with up to 100 people in larger venues for organized gatherings such as worship services, day camps, weddings, funerals and graduations. Personal gathering limits of 15 people indoors and 20 people outdoors remain the same. Casinos can also reopen and personal services have been expanded including facials, nose piercings and teeth whitening. Residents of long-term care facilities under Phase 4 can receive up to two visitors at once, as long as the visits are scheduled in advance.
Travel: Islanders are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the province. People entering from another country, province or territory must self-isolate for 14 days with the exception of essential service workers and flight crews. Screening continues at all points of entry. Canadian seasonal residents of Prince Edward Island will be able to apply to travel to the island beginning June 1. Public transportation is only recommended for commuting to work, medical appointments and shopping for essentials.
Effective July 3, the Atlantic provinces will form a "bubble" travel system in which people from each province can move freely between each other without having to self-isolate.
Remaining restrictions: Islanders must continue to comply with provincial health instructions, including physical distancing and hand washing, to limit the risks associated with the spread of the virus.
Current state: Phase 1 of the Yukon's five-phase reopening plan began May 15 with businesses that were ordered to close allowed to reopen. Premier Sandy Silver said stricter measures may be reintroduced if COVID-19 cases begin to rise. Phase 2 of the territory's reopening plan began July 1.
What's open: Yukon hospitals began offering elective and non-urgent services again in May. Businesses that were ordered to close can reopen as of May 15 with a government-approved operation plan following public health measures including dine-in restaurants, hair salons, barber shops, day cares, massage therapists, nail salons, libraries and recreational centres. Territorial parks and campgrounds can reopen June 4. Places of worship can reopen June 7.
Territorial parks and campgrounds can reopen June 4 and places of worship as of June 7. Bars will be allowed to reopen June 19 at 50 per cent capacity and only groups of 10 or less will be able to sit together. Long-term care residents will also be allowed outdoor visitors. Residents can pick one visitor to meet at a pre-determined outdoor spot.
As of July 1, restaurants can open at full capacity and dentists can resume non-urgent services. New guidelines have been released for long-term care facilities that will allow for visits with one designated person at a pre-set location outdoors.
Starting August 1, Yukon residents can increase their household bubbles to 15 people in three to five families. Indoor social gatherings remained limited at 10 with physical distancing required. Events in rented spaces are allowed with a maximum of 50 people. Outdoor events, such as weddings, are permitted with up to 100 people.
Travel: Yukoners are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the territory. Yukon is closed to visitors, but residents are allowed to travel throughout the territory more easily. Travel restrictions lifted between Yukon and B.C. after July 1 under the second phase of the territory's pandemic restart plan. After that date, travellers between the province and territory will no longer be required to self-isolate for 14 days. Residents of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are also allowed to enter Yukon without quarantining, as long as they travel directly from one of the territories or through B.C. All other people entering from another country or province by road or air must self-isolate for 14 days in Whitehorse.
Remaining restrictions: Yukon's state of emergency public health orders remain in effect. The territory's K-12 schools will continue with online learning until next school year. Contact sports are prohibited until a vaccine is developed.
Current state: The Northwest Territories government moved into the second phase of its reopening plan on June 12. Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Kami Kandola recommended the territory move into Phase 2 as the territory has no active cases and no community spread. The N.W.T. announced its three-phase reopening plan May 12 with Phase 1 having started May 15. According to the plan, a vaccine or treatment will have to be discovered and made widely available before all measures are lifted.
What's open: Some businesses including retail stores, massage therapy clinics, chiropractors, museums and art galleries were cleared to reopen May 15, if they have public health measures in place. Outdoor sports, with the exception of rugby, can proceed. Beaches and community gardens can reopen and day camps can proceed. Elementary, middle and high schools can reopen with limited class sizes. Personal services establishments such as hair salons and tattoo parlours can reopen under government restrictions.
As of June 12, dine-in restaurants, fitness centres and movie theatres can reopen with reduced capacity. Overnight camping in territorial parks and indoor sports are allowed. Places of worship, community and youth centres, as well as government offices, can also reopen.
Every household is now allowed to gather with two families inside their homes with no more than 10 people in a home at a time. Outdoor gatherings of up to 50 people are permitted as long as people maintain a distance of two metres apart.
Travel: Residents of the Northwest Territories are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the territory. People entering from another country or elsewhere in Canada must self-isolate for 14 days in Yellowknife, Inuvik, Hay River or Fort Smith. No N.W.T. resident is allowed to self-isolate in a small community. Travel into the territory is prohibited with the exception of those transporting essential goods and essential service workers.
A two-territory travel bubble with Nunavut has been established. As of June 12, residents of Nunavut will be able to visit the N.W.T. without self-isolating. N.W.T. residents will be able to visit Nunavut once the territory "has completed the requisite changes to their public health orders." Residents of the Northwest Territories are also allowed to enter Yukon as of July 1 without quarantining, as long as they travel directly from one of the territories or through B.C.
Remaining restrictions: The N.W.T.'s state of emergency public health orders remain in effect.
Current state: Nunavut unveiled its reopening plan May 25 with the easing of restrictions starting June 1. Every two weeks health officials will reassess how the changes are impacting the territory, and will decide if more changes can be approved. Nunavut remains the only jurisdiction in Canada without a confirmed case of COVID-19.
What's open: Daycare centres can reopen starting June 1, in addition to municipal playgrounds and territorial parks. Public servants who are working from home can return to work June 8. Workplace and retail outlets are permitted to reopen, provided that they have safety measures in place. Galleries, museums and libraries may be opened for individual visits, but not for group events. Health centres can also start offering in-person appointments.
As of June 15, pools, gyms, dental offices, massage therapy and chiropractic services are permitted to open in addition to offices and stores. Outdoor gatherings of up to 50 people are allowed. The limit for gathering indoors is 10 people.
Bars and restaurants will be able to reopen on June 22 if strict physical distancing is enforced. Hair and nail salons, theatres and churches will also be allowed to resume services. Territorial parks are being reopened for outdoor activities only and municipal playgrounds have also reopened.
Travel: Nunavut residents are being urged to avoid all non-essential travel outside of the territory. Only Nunavut residents and critical workers are allowed into the territory. Residents who have been in the south must self-isolate at government-designated quarantine sites in Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa or Yellowknife before they are allowed to return. A travel advisory against non-essential travel between communities in the territory has been lifted as of June 1.
A two-territory travel bubble with the Northwest Territories has been established. As of June 12, residents of Nunavut will be able to visit the N.W.T. without self-isolating. N.W.T. residents will be able to visit Nunavut once the territory "has completed the requisite changes to their public health orders." Residents of Nunavut are allowed to enter Yukon as of July 1 without quarantining, as long as they travel directly from one of the territories or through B.C.
Remaining restrictions: Nunavut's state of emergency public health orders remain in effect.
Vizualization by CTVNews.ca's Mahima Singh. With files from The Canadian Press.