U.K. Prime Minister Liz Truss faces Conservative dissent amid policy U-turns
Liz Truss should be celebrating her first month as Britain's prime minister. Instead, she's fighting for her job.
Truss is spending her first Conservative Party conference as leader this week scrambling to reassure financial markets spooked by her government's see-sawing economic pledges, while trying to restore her authority with a party that fears its chance of reelection is crumbling.
An unpopular tax-cutting package last month and the series of U-turns that followed have turned Truss' debut conference leader's speech on Wednesday from a moment of triumph to one of peril.
Former Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said that "the next 10 days is a critical period of time" for Truss.
He told the News Agents podcast that some Conservative lawmakers were thinking: "`Well, I'm going to be out at the next election,' (so) then they might as well roll the dice, as it were, and elect a new leader."
Truss insisted Tuesday that she is leading "a listening government" that learns from its mistakes.
"I think there's absolutely no shame in a leader listening to people and responding, and that's the kind of person I am," she told Sky News.
To the BBC she said: "We have learned from the feedback we've received."
That "feedback" has been dramatic: Truss' four weeks in office have seen the pound plunge to record lows against the dollar, the Bank of England take emergency action and the opposition Labour Party surge to record highs against her Conservatives in opinion polls.
Now Truss also faces a battle with her party over her economic plans, with some lawmakers -- including government ministers -- warning they will oppose any attempt to slash welfare benefits to help pay for the lower taxes that are a key part of Truss' economic philosophy.
Truss said "no decision has been made yet" on whether to cut benefits and pensions in real terms by raising them by less than inflation.
The government descended into factional fighting as Truss loyalists hit back at the critics. Home Secretary Suella Braverman said some Conservative lawmakers had "staged a coup, effectively, and undermined the authority of the prime minister in an unprofessional way."
Tory dissent leaves Truss facing a choice between jettisoning more of her economic plan or facing a showdown with the party in Parliament, where defeats on economic bills are generally regarded as resigning matters for a government.
Truss is on a mission to reshape Britain's economy through tax cuts and deregulation in a bid to end years of sluggish growth. But she is trying to ride out a series of U-turns over her first big policy: a stimulus package that includes 45 billion pounds (US$50 billion) in tax cuts, to be paid for by government borrowing. Its announcement on Sept. 23 sent the pound tumbling to a record low against the dollar and increased the cost of government borrowing.
The Bank of England was forced to intervene to prop up the bond market and stop a wider economic crisis. Fears that the bank will soon hike interest rates caused mortgage lenders to withdraw their cheapest deals, causing turmoil for homebuyers.
Under political and financial pressure, the government on Monday scrapped the most unpopular part of its budget package, a tax cut on earnings above 150,000 pounds (US$167,000) a year. That will save about 2 billion pounds, a small share of the government's 45 billion-pound tax-cutting plan -- and it's unclear how the rest will be paid for.
Treasury chief Kwasi Kwarteng has promised to publish a fully costed fiscal plan, alongside an economic forecast from the independent Office for Budget Responsibility. Kwarteng is under pressure to produce it sooner, but insisted Tuesday he was sticking with his original date of Nov. 23.
What Kwarteng called the "hullabaloo" over the government's plans has cast a shadow over the Conservatives' conference in the central England city of Birmingham, where many party members express fears that the Tories, in power since 2010, are headed for defeat in the next election.
"Things are looking pretty bleak," said Michael Heseltine, who was Conservative deputy prime minister in the 1990s. "It will require a very impressive feat of political leadership, and it needs to start today."
The party has a commanding majority in Parliament but is fractious after three years of scandal under Johnson, followed by a divisive leadership contest between Truss and former Treasury chief Rishi Sunak.
Truss says her policies will bring economic growth, higher wages and eventually more tax revenue for the government to spend. But critics say the plans do little to help millions of people who are struggling right now with a cost-of-living crisis fueled by soaring energy prices.
Truss said she was "very committed to supporting the most vulnerable," pointing to a cap on energy prices that took effect Oct. 1.
However, she refused to promise benefits and state pensions would increase in line with inflation, which has been the practice for years.
"We are going to have to make decisions about how we bring down debt as a proportion of GDP in the medium term," Truss said. "We have to be fiscally responsible."
Conservatives have a long history of deposing unpopular leaders. Former Prime Minister Boris Johnson led the party to its biggest election win for decades in 2019. He was ousted less than three years later, tarnished by ethics scandals.
Some Conservatives in Birmingham said Truss could still recover if she changes her message. Former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith said the government should have "rolled the pitch" to prepare for its announcements and focused on growth, rather than tax.
Duncan Smith -- who was booted out as leader by the party in 2003 after two years in office -- implored his Conservative colleagues to stop fighting.
"What we're doing, if we're not careful, is wishing ourselves into an election where we literally will be absolutely trounced," he told radio station LBC.
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