Canadian economy lost 63,000 jobs in Dec., first decline since April
Published Friday, January 8, 2021 4:51AM EST Last Updated Friday, January 8, 2021 3:24PM EST
Statistics Canada building and signs are pictured in Ottawa on Wednesday, July 3, 2019. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick
OTTAWA -- Canada posted its first monthly decline in jobs since April amid tightened public health restrictions in December, and economists warn the losses are likely to continue as the number of new COVID-19 cases continue to rise.
Statistics Canada said Friday the economy lost 63,000 jobs in December while the unemployment rate edged up to 8.6 per cent compared with 8.5 per cent in November.
Had it included in the calculations Canadians who wanted to work last month but didn't search for a job, the unemployment rate would have been 10.9 per cent in December, unchanged from November.
"Due to both the continuing rise in virus cases to open the new year and the further curtailments of activity since the last survey, another month of job losses could be on the horizon in January," CIBC senior economist Royce Mendes said.
"The weak jobs report, combined with the recent appreciation of the Canadian dollar, will put pressure on the Bank of Canada to ease monetary policy further."
The report was a snapshot of labour market conditions for the week of Dec. 6 to 12. It noted that additional public health measures were put in place in many provinces after that period, which will likely be reflected in its January labour force survey results.
Several provinces have also further extended COVID-19 restrictions as public health officials blamed holiday gatherings for a rise in infections.
TD Bank senior economist Sri Thanabalasingam said the resurgence of the virus is hitting Canada hard.
"Sharp increases in caseloads and hospitalizations are leaving provinces with little choice but to impose or prolong restrictions on an economy that is but a shadow of itself," Thanabalasingam wrote in a report.
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"It will be a rocky road for the Canadian economy until vaccines can be widely distributed and normal life can resume."
Vaccinations in Canada have started, but governments have been criticized for the speed of the rollout compared with other countries where the deployment has been faster.
Widespread vaccinations are seen as a key to a broad reopening of the economy and are expected to help prompt consumer spending.
Mendes noted that when the restrictions began to ease last spring and summer, the rebound in the economy came quickly and suggesting that pattern could repeat.
"The good news is that last summer we saw a pretty sharp snapback at a time when virus cases were low and public health restrictions were eased, so that should give people some optimism that after this rough patch is hopefully behind us, the economy can bounce back quite well in the short-term," he said.
The job losses in December ended a streak of monthly job gains that began in May as restrictions put in place to slow the spread of the pandemic began to ease.
Full-time employment in December rose by 36,500, but there was a loss of 99,000 part-time jobs. Total hours worked also fell for the first time since April, with a decline of 0.3 per cent.
At its peak last spring, the COVID-19 economic shutdown directly affected 5.5 million Canadian workers, including 3 million who had lost their jobs and 2.5 million who were employed but had experienced COVID-related absences from work.
The number affected was 1.1 million in December, including a drop in employment of 636,000 since February and 488,000 more Canadians who were employed but working less than half their usual hours for reasons likely related to COVID.
December employment fell in industries most directly affected by the new and continuing public health measures.
The number of jobs in the services-producing side of the economy fell for the first time since April as it lost a total of 74,000 in December. The goods-producing sector gained 11,300 jobs.
The accommodation and food services industry lost 56,700 jobs for the month, while the "other services" category, which includes hair salons, laundry services and other areas affected by public health measures, lost 30,800. The information, culture and recreation group lost 18,800.
However, the manufacturing sector gained 15,000 jobs in December, driven by an increase in Ontario.
The share of Canadians working from home was 28.6 per cent in December.
Regionally, nine out of 10 provinces lost jobs last month. Ontario lost 11,900 jobs, while Quebec lost 16,800. British Columbia was the lone province to gain jobs with the addition of 3,800.
The December loss left employment in Canada down 571,600 from where it stood at the end of 2019, a drop of three per cent.
Financial data firm Refinitiv says economists on average had expected the report to show a loss of 27,500 jobs for December. The unemployment rate was expected to be 8.6 per cent.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Jan. 8, 2021
Here's a quick look at Canada's December employment (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Unemployment rate: 8.6 per cent (8.5)
- Employment rate: 59.3 per cent (59.5)
- Participation rate: 64.9 per cent (65.1)
- Number unemployed: 1,755,800 (1,735,200)
- Number working: 18,553,000 (18,615,600)
- Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 17.7 per cent (17.4)
- Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 7.5 per cent (7.4)
- Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 6.9 per cent (6.8)
Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Newfoundland and Labrador 12.3 per cent (12.2)
- Prince Edward Island 10.1 per cent (10.2)
- Nova Scotia 8.6 per cent (6.4)
- New Brunswick 9.3 per cent (9.6)
- Quebec 6.7 per cent (7.2)
- Ontario 9.5 per cent (9.1)
- Manitoba 8.2 per cent (7.4)
- Saskatchewan 7.8 per cent (6.9)
- Alberta 11.0 per cent (11.1)
- British Columbia 7.2 per cent (7.1)
Statistics Canada also released seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for major cities. It cautions, however, that the figures may fluctuate widely because they are based on small statistical samples. Here are the jobless rates last month by city (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- St. John's, N.L. 8.7 per cent (9.3)
- Halifax 7.3 per cent (6.6)
- Moncton, N.B. 9.0 per cent (8.9)
- Saint John, N.B. 11.0 per cent (10.2)
- Saguenay, Que. 5.7 per cent (5.2)
- Quebec City 4.1 per cent (4.3)
- Sherbrooke, Que. 6.0 per cent (6.4)
- Trois-Rivieres, Que. 5.9 per cent (5.7)
- Montreal 8.1 per cent (8.5)
- Gatineau, Que. 7.0 per cent (7.2)
- Ottawa 6.6 per cent (7.1)
- Kingston, Ont. 5.9 per cent (7.2)
- Peterborough, Ont. 13.5 per cent (11.9)
- Oshawa, Ont. 7.8 per cent (7.9)
- Toronto 10.7 per cent (10.7)
- Hamilton, Ont. 8.1 per cent (8.0)
- St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 9.1 per cent (7.2)
- Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 8.5 per cent (9.1)
- Brantford, Ont. 6.1 per cent (6.6)
- Guelph, Ont. 5.8 per cent (7.0)
- London, Ont. 7.7 per cent (8.4)
- Windsor, Ont. 11.1 per cent (10.6)
- Barrie, Ont. 12.1 per cent (10.6)
- Greater Sudbury, Ont. 7.7 per cent (7.6)
- Thunder Bay, Ont. 7.6 per cent (7.5)
- Winnipeg 8.4 per cent (8.1)
- Regina 6.3 per cent (5.4)
- Saskatoon 8.1 per cent (7.8)
- Calgary 10.4 per cent (10.7)
- Edmonton 11.1 per cent (11.3)
- Kelowna, B.C. 4.5 per cent (4.7)
- Abbotsford-Mission, B.C. 8.4 per cent (8.1)
- Vancouver 7.4 per cent (8.1)
- Victoria 5.8 per cent (6.3)
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Jan. 8, 2021