Extreme-right Golden Dawn party lawmaker surrenders to Greek police
An anti-terror police officer carries a box containing the case file against the arrested suspects of the extreme far-right Golden Dawn party as he arrives at the court in Athens, Saturday, Sept. 28, 2013. Police arrested the leader of Greece's extreme-right Golden Dawn party and other top members on Saturday, in an escalation of a government crackdown after a fatal stabbing allegedly committed by a supporter. It is the first time since 1974 that sitting members of Parliament have been arrested. (AP / Kostas Tsironis)
Demetris Nellas, The Associated Press
Published Sunday, September 29, 2013 8:58AM EDT
Last Updated Sunday, September 29, 2013 7:29PM EDT
ATHENS -- A Greek lawmaker sought by police surrendered on Sunday, bringing to six the number of legislators from the extreme-right Golden Dawn party now in custody and facing criminal charges.
Christos Pappas -- a lawmaker described by prosecutors as the Golden Dawn's No. 2 official -- was formally charged with membership in a criminal organization with intent to commit crimes, like his five fellow legislators, including Golden Dawn leader Nikos Michaloliakos.
Besides the six lawmakers, another 14 Golden Dawn members and two police officers have been arrested and charged with the same crimes. Another 10 suspects, for whom arrest warrants were issued Saturday, are still at large, officials said.
The government crackdown on the fiercely anti-immigrant party marks the first time since 1974 that sitting members of a Greek Parliament have been arrested. The arrests underline the government's efforts to stifle Golden Dawn, which has been increasingly on the defensive since the Sept. 17 fatal stabbing of a Greek man blamed on a Golden Dawn supporter.
As he turned himself in at police headquarters in Athens, Pappas condemned the crackdown on his party and the painful austerity measures that have been imposed during the bailout of Greece's battered economy.
Several Greek TV channels broadcast his arrival live, showing him leaving a taxi, ducking under the cordon surrounding the building, and turning to the cameras.
"I present myself voluntarily. I have nothing to hide, nothing to fear. The occupation government of the bailout deals has begun unprecedented political persecutions, using so-called independent justice. Nationalism will prevail. Golden Dawn will survive," he said.
Pappas then shouted "Hail Golden Dawn!" and waved as he entered the building.
The five other legislators from the party, which has neo-Nazi roots, have been in custody there since Saturday. Court hearings before a magistrate are scheduled on Tuesday and Wednesday. Pappas, who appeared in court late Sunday, was given until Thursday to prepare his deposition.
Given the seriousness of their cases, the arrested Golden Dawn suspects are expected to be transferred to a prison as they await trial. However, the jailed lawmakers will remain members of parliament and only lose their seats if they are convicted or resign.
The government said it plans to introduce legislation Monday aimed at cutting all state funding to Golden Dawn, which is slated to receive more than (euro)873,000 ($1.18 million) in 2013.
The prosecution was made possible by a report from a Supreme Court prosecutor, Haralambos Vourliotis. The report lays out the allegations against the Golden Dawn leadership, including murder, attempted murder, carrying out explosions, possessing explosives and robbery.
The prosecutor's report says that from the moment Golden Dawn was founded, in 1987, as a neo-Nazi organization, the party structure was paralleled by a military-type operational force whose trained members attacked people, mainly immigrants, based on the party's ideology. The strict hierarchical structure meant the party leadership knew of every local attack and commands flew from the top to local chapters, the report says.
The report mentions that "the wrath against immigrants is not uniform, since, in many cases, they use the latter to sell various items, keeping the lion's share of the proceeds and providing (these immigrants) with protection."
Officially, Golden Dawn has railed against those illegal street vendors, stoking the anger of the public and store owners who have seen their businesses losing customers, with many closing, since the start of Greece's economic crisis.
The report also mentions that in several cases, members of the police have helped Golden Dawn members in their criminal acts, adding that this merits further investigation.
On Sunday, the Brussels-based European Jewish Congress welcomed the crackdown on Golden Dawn, calling it "a long overdue move which will hopefully send a very strong message to neo-Nazis in Greece and across Europe."
In a statement, congress President Moshe Kantor, said: "We congratulate Prime Minister Antonis Samaras on the crackdown ... and hope that the Greek leadership will make this a central part of the European Union presidency, which they will assume in January 2014."
A formerly marginal organization, Golden Dawn won only 0.29 per cent of the vote in a 2009 national election in Greece, but saw its popularity explode by capitalizing on public resentment over an influx of illegal immigrants.
Downplaying its extremist roots and presenting itself as a "patriotic" force, the party won public support by patrolling streets, doing the shopping for elderly residents, and collecting back rents for apartment owners with migrant tenants.
During the heyday of Greece's anti-austerity protests in 2011, Golden Dawn members carried Greek flags and loudly blamed migrants and foreign "predators."
Last year's election put 18 Golden Dawn lawmakers in the 300-member parliament, and party members have frequently been suspected of physically attacking immigrants.