'Extreme' weather events of 2013 points to human-induced climate change: UN
A trickle of water left in the Rio Grande is pushed downstream by the wind near Hatch, New Mexico in this March 2013 file photo. (AP Photo/Susan Montoya Bryan)
John Heilprin, The Associated Press
Published Monday, March 24, 2014 7:50AM EDT
Last Updated Monday, March 24, 2014 1:01PM EDT
GENEVA -- The head of the U.N. weather agency blamed extreme weather on human-induced climate change Monday, citing key events that wreaked havoc in Asia, Europe, the U.S. and Pacific region last year.
Michel Jarraud, secretary-general of the World Meteorological Organization, said his agency's annual assessment of the global climate shows how dramatically people and lands everywhere felt the impacts of extreme weather such as droughts, heat waves, floods and tropical cyclones.
"Many of the extreme events of 2013 were consistent with what we would expect as a result of human-induced climate change," he said.
The UN agency called 2013 the sixth-warmest year on record. Thirteen of the 14 warmest years have occurred in the 21st century.
A rise in sea levels is leading to increasing damage from storm surges and coastal flooding, as demonstrated by Typhoon Haiyan, Jarraud said. The typhoon in November killed at least 6,100 people and caused $13 billion in damage to the Philippines and Vietnam.
Australia, meanwhile, had its hottest year on record and parts of central Asia and central Africa also notched record highs.
Jarraud drew special attention to studies and climate modeling examining Australia's recent heat waves, saying the high temperatures there would have been virtually impossible without the emissions of heat-trapping carbon dioxide from the burning of coal, oil and gas.
He cited other costly weather disasters such as $22 billion damage from central European flooding in June, $10 billion in damage from Typhoon Fitow in China and Japan, and a $10 billion drought in much of China.
Jarraud spoke as top climate scientists and representatives from about 100 governments with the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change met in Japan to complete their latest report on global warming's impact.