Cylinders carrying radioactive material dropped at Halifax port, no leak detected
Aly Thomson and Keith Doucette, The Canadian Press
Published Friday, March 14, 2014 11:59AM EDT
Last Updated Friday, March 14, 2014 2:50PM EDT
HALIFAX -- Fire officials say an evacuation zone remained in place Friday at a port in Halifax after four steel cylinders carrying radioactive material fell about six metres the night before as they were being unloaded from a container ship, prompting a short-lived radiation scare.
Phil McNulty, the city's executive fire officer, said the area is being monitored by emergency crews after the cylinders carrying granular uranium hexafluoride fell.
Investigators with the Canadian Transport Emergency Centre were scheduled to arrive Friday to the Ceres terminal in the city's north-end to conduct a more detailed assessment, McNulty said, but no leaks had been detected.
"These folks, they play with this material all the time," he said.
Firefighters determined overnight that there hadn't been a leak of radioactive material when the steel cylinders encased in concrete, each weighing about 4.5 tonnes, fell from a pallet as they were being lifted off the ship around 10 p.m. Thursday and landed in a contained area of the vessel.
McNulty said one of the lift's arms failed and sent the cylinders tumbling onto other containers on the ship. There were no injuries and no one was contaminated at the terminal in Fairview Cove.
The granular substance was contained in the cylinders, he added.
"They go to great lengths to ensure the safety of the product because human beings are dealing with it all the way from start to the end user," he said.
McNulty said the evacuation area at the port extended about 150 metres and would remain in place until after federal investigators arrive. He said the Canadian company responsible for shipping the product, RSB Logistic Inc., was also headed to port to confirm there was no leak and no danger.
Once the investigation wraps up, McNulty said the cylinders would be placed on a truck and continue to their destination in Columbia, S.C.
The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission said the uranium cylinders came from an enrichment facility in the United Kingdom owned by URENCO.
Uranium hexafluoride is the chemical compound used in the gas centrifuge process to enrich uranium.
URENCO's website says it is an international supplier of enrichment services for nuclear fuel used to generate electricity. A spokesperson for the company in London could not be reached for comment.
William Cook, an associate professor of chemical engineering at the University of New Brunswick, said the compound comes in a solid form that is similar to salt crystals, and poses a relatively low risk.
"This material shouldn't be highly radioactive anyway," said Cook. "Not much more so than the actual rocks that would have originally been dug out of the ground to process this."
Because the compound is chemically reactive, he said it could form a corrosive mixture if it were to get wet. Problems would also be posed if the solid were to turn to gas, but he said that would require temperatures well above 55 C.
"Unless there was a very hot condition around, the volatility issue shouldn't be too bad," Cook said.
Firefighters evacuated the immediate area as a safety precaution after the accident Thursday night and the crew of the Atlantic Companion -- which arrived in Halifax from Liverpool, England -- were taken to a local hotel.
McNulty said there was a similar incident at a Halifax port in the late 1990s involving uranium hexafluoride, but there was no leakage.
George Malek, vice president of business development and operations for the Halifax Port Authority, said shippers are required to file a dangerous goods manifest with federal authorities and to apply to the port so officials know what is arriving.
"Everybody that handles that dangerous goods container in the supply chain has the documentation on what it is and what the hazards are and how to respond," said Malek.
He said about four per cent of traffic handled each year in Halifax is considered to be hazardous material under federal regulations.