Canada's unemployment rate drops to lowest in two years
In this Tuesday, Dec. 11, 2012 photo, an advertisement in the classified section of the Boston Herald newspaper calls attention to possible employment opportunities. (AP / Steven Senne)
Terry Pedwell, The Canadian Press
Published Friday, March 10, 2017 8:42AM EST
Last Updated Friday, March 10, 2017 12:26PM EST
OTTAWA -- Canada's unemployment rate dropped to 6.6 per cent last month, its lowest level in more than two years, Statistics Canada said Friday, as the economy created more jobs than expected even with fewer people looking for work.
The report was the latest in a line of stronger-than-expected data. Several economists hailed the numbers as further evidence that Canada's economy is on the mend from the oil price shock of recent years, though at least one questioned the survey's findings of a massive swing toward full-time employment at the expense of part-time jobs.
The decline of 0.2 percentage points from the previous month brought the unemployment rate down to a number not seen since January 2015.
The agency's February employment survey indicated the national labour market added 15,300 jobs overall last month.
Economists had projected a gain of just 2,500 jobs and expected the unemployment rate to stay at 6.8 per cent, according to Thomson Reuters.
"The underlying economy continues to gain steam," BMO senior economist Benjamin Reitzes said in a note to clients. "One more piece of evidence that the Canadian economy has turned the corner."
The Statistics Canada report found most of the February job gains came from full-time work, offset by a decline in the number of people working part-time.
It said an estimated 105,000 people found full-time employment last month while part-time positions dropped by nearly 90,000. That was in contrast to the January labour market survey, which showed a surge in part-time work.
"I find this hard to believe in terms of the details," said Derek Holt, head of markets economics at Scotiabank Economics. He noted that the increase in full-time jobs would mark the strongest gain in almost 11 years while the part-time drop would represent the biggest decline since Statistics Canada began its labour force survey in 1976.
While the monthly employment numbers are typically volatile, Statistics Canada said that, in the 12 months to February, Canada saw a net gain of 288,000 jobs with most of the increase coming in the last six months of 2016.
Friday's jobs report has taken the likelihood of a Bank of Canada interest rate cut completely off the table, said Reitzes.
But the central bank is also unlikely to raise rates anytime soon, said TD Economics senior economist Brian DePratto.
"The Canadian economy is seeing a return to sustained healthy growth, which should absorb remaining slack and lead to eventual inflationary pressures," DePratto said.
"This process will take time, however, and the Bank of Canada will want to continue supporting it and will likely be reluctant to raise rates until well into next year."
The central bank, in holding the line on its 0.5 per cent trend-setting interest rate target earlier this month, cited "significant uncertainties" in Canada's economy as it weighed whether to move that rate up or down.
Job numbers south of the border also came in stronger in February. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Friday that nonfarm payrolls increased by 235,000 from January while the U.S. national unemployment rate was 4.7 per cent, a decline of 0.1 per cent.
Much of the increased job activity in Canada last month was seen in the West, with British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Manitoba all seeing gains. In contrast, fewer people were working in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador while employment was little changed in the other five provinces.
Women in the 25-to-54 age bracket saw more work, marking the third monthly increase in that category. Men in the same age range saw employment holding steady in February after a notable increase the previous month.
Employment among youth aged 15 to 24 was little changed both in February and on a year-over-year basis. But with fewer young people seeking jobs, their unemployment rate declined by 0.9 percentage points to 12.4 per cent.
The report came as Statistics Canada encountered problems publishing the data on its website. As of 11 a.m. ET, more than 2 hours after the figures were released, its website was down. Agency officials were unable to say why the site had been down for most of the night but said they hoped the technical issued could be resolved quickly..
A quick look at February employment (previous month in brackets):
- Unemployment rate: 6.6 per cent (6.8)
- Employment rate: 61.4 per cent (61.4)
- Labour force participation rate: 65.8 per cent (65.9)
- Number unemployed: 1,286,100 (1,324,400)
- Number working: 18,288,600 (18,273,300)
- Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 12.4 per cent (13.3)
- Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 5.9 per cent (6.0)
- Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 5.2 per cent (5.3)
Here are the jobless rates last month by province (previous month in brackets):
- Newfoundland and Labrador 14.2 per cent (13.8)
- Prince Edward Island 10.0 (9.8)
- Nova Scotia 8.1 (7.7)
- New Brunswick 8.9 (8.9)
- Quebec 6.4 (6.2)
- Ontario 6.2 (6.4)
- Manitoba 5.8 (6.1)
- Saskatchewan 6.0 (6.4)
- Alberta 8.3 (8.8)
- British Columbia 5.1 (5.6)
Statistics Canada also released seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for major cities. It cautions, however, that the figures may fluctuate widely because they are based on small statistical samples. Here are the jobless rates last month by city (previous month in brackets):
- St. John's, N.L. 9.1 per cent (9.6)
- Halifax 6.1 (5.9)
- Moncton, N.B. 8.2 (8.0)
- Saint John, N.B. 7.9 (7.8)
- Saguenay, Que. 6.9 (7.6)
- Quebec 4.3 (4.3)
- Sherbrooke, Que. 5.5 (5.5)
- Trois-Rivieres, Que. 6.6 (7.1)
- Montreal 6.7 (6.6)
- Gatineau, Que. 5.5 (5.5)
- Ottawa 5.1 (5.7)
- Kingston, Ont. 6.1 (5.8, adjusted)
- Peterborough, Ont. 5.0 (5.3)
- Oshawa, Ont. 5.7 (5.1)
- Toronto 7.1 (7.0)
- Hamilton, Ont. 5.9 (5.9)
- St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 6.4 (6.4)
- Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 5.5 (5.2)
- Brantford, Ont. 4.2 (4.2)
- Guelph, Ont. 5.8 (5.5)
- London, Ont. 6.2 (6.9)
- Windsor, Ont. 5.1 (5.4)
- Barrie, Ont. 7.2 (7.5)
- Sudbury, Ont. 7.9 (8.0)
- Thunder Bay, Ont. 6.0 (6.2)
- Winnipeg 6.7 (6.7)
- Regina 5.2 (5.5)
- Saskatoon 7.0 (7.5)
- Calgary 9.4 (9.8)
- Edmonton 8.3 (8.1)
- Kelowna, B.C. 7.4 (8.3)
- Abbotsford, B.C. 6.1 (6.2)
- Vancouver 4.7 (4.9)
- Victoria 4.4 (4.6)