Obama pledges help for Flint's water crisis
People attend the 2016 North American International Auto Show's 40th annual Charity Preview at Cobo Center in Detroit on Jan. 15, 2016. (Tanya Moutzalias / The Ann Arbor News-MLive.com Detroit)
Kevin Freking, The Associated Press
Published Wednesday, January 20, 2016 1:46AM EST
Last Updated Wednesday, January 20, 2016 8:34PM EST
DETROIT -- President Barack Obama on Wednesday hailed the revival of the nation's auto industry while acknowledging the water crisis in nearby Flint, Michigan, saying the detection of high levels of lead serve as a reminder that the government can't shortchange basic services.
Speaking to auto workers after taking in the North American International Auto Show, Obama said, "I know that if I was a parent up there, I would be beside myself that my kid's health could be at risk." He met with Flint's mayor the day before and promised federal help.
"What is inexplicable and inexcusable is once people figured out there was a problem and that there was lead in the water, the notion that immediately families weren't notified, things weren't shut down--that shouldn't happen anywhere," Obama told CBS News in an interview scheduled for broadcast on Sunday.
"It's also an indication of sometimes we downplay the role that an effective government has to play in protecting public health and safety of people and clearly the system here broke down," he said. CBS released a clip of the interview on Wednesday.
Obama sought to highlight how his administration extended the industry a financial lifeline during the heart of the Great Recession even as many others called for the government to focus its resources elsewhere. He said the outcome of his administration's bet is evident through a much-improved economy. Consumers bought nearly 17.5 million vehicles last year, a record.
"What's true of Detroit is true of the country," he said. "I want people to remember how far we've come."
Obama spoke at the UAW-GM Center for Human Resources, the national headquarters of the joint relationship between the United Auto Workers and General Motors. His visit took place as longstanding problems with Flint's drinking water have begun to capture the nation's attention.
Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder asked Obama on Wednesday to reconsider his denial of a federal disaster declaration to address the crisis, saying its severity poses an "imminent and long-term threat" to residents. Obama declared an emergency -- qualifying the city for $5 million -- but determined that it is not a disaster based on the legal requirement that such additional relief is intended for natural events, fires, floods or explosions.
White House spokesman Eric Schultz said "primary responsibility" rests with state and local officials but that Obama would do what he can to help.
In his appeal letter, Snyder called it a "narrow reading" and likened the crisis to a flood, "given that qualities within the water, over a long term, flood and damaged the city's infrastructure in ways that were not immediately or easily detectable." He also said the state and city cannot meet all the needs of Flint residents.
The president spent nearly an hour at the auto show, looking at crash avoidance technology from ZF TRW and sitting in a 2017 Chevy Bolt EV, an all-electric car that will be available late this year. He also looked at a new Chrysler Pacifica minivan.
"You guys remember, 'Get Shorty,' right?" Obama said to reporters and photographers. "It's cool driving a minivan."
Obama had lunch at a brewery with Mayor Mike Duggan, a GM employee and others, then stopped at watch maker Shinola before heading to the show.
The White House wanted to shine the spotlight on Detroit, but Flint's problems have intervened.
The crisis began in 2014 when a state-appointed emergency manager switched Flint from Detroit water to Flint River water to save money. The corrosive water caused lead to leach from old pipes. Flint returned to the Detroit system in October after elevated lead levels were discovered in children.
Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton brought more attention to the problem -- and its potential political ramifications -- when she declared during Sunday's presidential candidate debate that "every single American should be outraged" by the water crisis. "If the kids in a rich suburb of Detroit had been drinking contaminated water and being bathed in it, there would have been action," she said.
As to the auto industry, the U.S. treasury invested about $80 billion in it during the last recession. After counting loan repayments, dividends and stock sales, the federal government recovered $70.5 billion.
"I love the guy. He saved my job and my retirement," welder Randy Gossett, of West Bloomfield, said after Obama's speech. "He saved Michigan. Where do you go from there?"
Obama can't take all of the credit for the government's help. President George W. Bush initiated the auto bailout with more than $17 billion in short-term loans. Under ordinary circumstances, Bush said he wouldn't have favoured intervening to prevent auto makers from going out of business, but that allowing the industry to collapse during a financial crisis and recession would send the country into a deeper and longer economic downturn.
The Obama administration also provided additional capital to help Chrysler and GM stay afloat as they restructured operations before and during a Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding. The companies shuttered plants, laid off workers and cut ties with thousands of dealerships.
Most Americans opposed providing a second round of government aid. A Gallup poll from February 2009 showed that about 58 per cent opposed giving aid to automakers in danger of going bankrupt. Only about 41 per cent supported the aid.
Even three years later, a slight majority said they disapproved of the bailout, with Republicans opposing it by a 3-to-1 margin, Gallup said.
Associated Press writers Corey Williams in Detroit and David Eggert in Lansing, Michigan, contributed to this report.